a+b (a plus b, or, if a is a string, the string concatenation of a and b)
a-b (a minus b)
a*b (a multiplied by b)
a/b (a divided by b)
a^b (a to the power of b)
a->b or a in b (the number of times a is contained in (multi-)set
b; the alternate notation in can be used to avoid conflicts
with the special XML character >, see Section 8.5.5 "Expression Terms and XML")
The operators have the following precedence:
^ and -> (or in)
the unary - and +
* and /
+ and -
In addition, a number of math and special purpose functions are
ln(x): Returns the natural logarithm of x.
exp(x): Returns Euler's number e raised to the power
sqrt(x): Returns the square root of x.
abs(x): Returns the absolute value of x.
ceil(x): Returns the smallest integer greater or
equal to x.
floor(x): Returns the largest integer smaller or
equal to x.
round(x): Returns the integer closest to x
Special purpose functions
length(s): Returns the length of the string s.
size(s): Returns the number of elements in set s
(respecting cardinality if s is a multiset).
flatsize(s): Returns the number of different elements
in set s. For regular sets, this is the same as size, for
multisets, the cardinality of elements is disregarded.
tolowercase(s): Returns a string with all upper case
letters in s changed to lower case.
parsenumber(s): Returns the numerical value of a string
that represents a number, e.g. '3' or '-5.15'. The formatting
for number constants applies (see Section 18.104.22.168 "Constants").
typeof(e): Returns the type of the model element e,
as a string.